|Catalyst Technology: focus on Fuel Cells and Biofuels
Catalytic processes generated over $900 billion of products worldwide in the chemical, and pharmaceutical industries in 2005. In this newsletter we examine some recent developments in catalysis with a special focus on two aspects of clean energy: catalysts for fuel cells and biofuels. In fuel cells it is important to reduce cost by reducing the load of precious metal catalyst whereas more efficient catalysts enable the use of “non-food” feedstocks to enhance the viability of biofuels. Another trend that we highlight is the further development of organo-catalysis that either reduces cost by eliminating need for precious metals or reduces toxic metal byproduct. Another interesting area of development is synthetic catalysts that mimic the behavior of enzymes.